Ilhan Omar: Who is Minnesota’s Somalia-Born Congresswoman?

“I stand here before you tonight, as your Congresswoman-elect, with many firsts behind my name.”

Supporters greeted Ilhan Omar’s emotional victory speech with rapturous applause when the Democrat won Minnesota’s fifth congressional district in November 2018.

The 37-year-old mother of three is the first Somali-American, first African-born American, and one of the first two Muslim American women to serve in the US Congress.

Ms Omar has drawn adoration and criticism since that election success as one of a new generation of young politicians shaking up the status quo in Washington DC.

She recently clashed with the US envoy to Venezuela, in a clip that has since gone viral.

But while she has won support for her approach on Capitol Hill, she has also faced accusations of anti-Semitism, and even allegations of campaign finance violations in Minnesota.

Who is Ilhan Omar?

Ms Omar was born the youngest of seven siblings in Somalia’s capital Mogadishu in 1981. Her mother died when she was two years old.

Raised by her father and grandfather, the family fled the country during the Somali Civil War and spent four years in a Kenyan refugee camp before moving to the US in 1995.

Originally working in education, she began her political career managing city council campaigns and working as a senior policy aide for Minnesota politicians.

In 2016 she won election to the state’s legislature – unseating a 44-year incumbent in the process.

Ms Omar told the BBC in a 2017 interview that young people who “believed more in my platform, my ideas, and the merit of what I stood for” drove her to run.

“A lot of the elders and mainly the women in the community thought it would be better… if I took a back seat,” she said.

What do her fans think?

“A refugee girl came here and achieved the American dream,” Somali refugee Awmam Mahdi told the BBC.

“I think it’s very positive for everyone who is an immigrant,” the Ohio resident said, calling her a “role model”.

Ms Omar supports policies like greater healthcare coverage, more background checks for gun buyers, and abolishing the Immigrations and Customs Enforcement (ICE) agency.

During her victory speech she gave a powerful rebuke to the Trump administrations immigration stance, declaring: “Here in Minnesota, we don’t only welcome immigrants – we send them to Washington”.

The president had previously told Minnesotans Somali immigrants there were “spreading their extremist views” and joining the so-called Islamic State group.

She drew praise for fighting to change a 181-year ban on headwear in the House of Representatives, allowing her to wear a hijab for her oath of office, and holds a place on the House Foreign Affairs Committee.

Politicians and analysts have identified her with of a number of young Democratic politicians disrupting the status quo on Capitol Hill.

Both 29-year-old Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez and Palestinian-American woman Rashida Tlaib – one of the first Muslim women in Congress, alongside Ms Omar – were also elected in November 2018.

Ms Ocasio-Cortez tweeted her support for Ms Omar after a testy exchange with US special representative for Venezuela, Elliott Abrams, went viral.

During a House Foreign Affairs Committee hearing Ms Omar brought up Mr Abrams role in the Iran-Contra scandal, in which the US secretly sold weapons to Iran and funnelled the proceeds to Nicaraguan anti-Communist groups.

She also questioned Mr Abrams comments on US policy in El Salvador, including when he seemingly downplayed a massacre in the town of El Mozote in 1981.

“Watching her question Trump’s envoy… feels like justice,” Ms Ocasio-Cortez wrote.

Mr Abrams called the exchange “ridiculous” and said he would not respond to a “personal attack”.

“I don’t think this entire line of questioning is meant to be real questions and so I will not reply,” he said during the hearing.

What do critics say?

But for all her fans, Ms Omar has not had the easiest start in Washington DC.

She was embroiled in controversy over tweets which some have claimed are anti-Semitic.

A 2012 post of hers resurfaced in which she claimed Israel had “hypnotised the world”, provoking outrage for what many saw as an offensive characterisation of Jewish people.

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